The true terrier is a small to medium sized dog that was developed mostly for hunting for vermin, often chasing prey underground. Hence terrier comes from the Latin terra, which meanThe true terrier is a small to medium sized dog that was developed mostly for hunting for vermin, often chasing prey underground. Hence terrier comes from the Latin terra, which means earth.
These little warriors were used to kill farm, block, and home rats. They cleaned the farms and pastures of the pests that bothered the cattle, the cultivated field, and the stored foods, as well as the first populations. In the field they searched for the burrow of the badger or the fox underground, in search of the animal. He took otters and foxes out of their hiding place in rocky places. Snakes were easy prey for these fast and agile dogs, as well as marmots and weasels. With his tough-guy attitude, the terrier was also an excellent guardian of the home, and an indefatigable playmate for the little ones.Unfortunately, the terrier dog was also a victim, used as a fighting dog. Apart from this sport, it was used in other types of competition. The sport of the poor, the Matarratas, gave fame and fortune to many owners of primitive terriers. The upper class trained them for fox hunting. When the fox had hidden underground to escape the hounds, the small terriers were left to land (they were carried on horseback, since they were too small to run so much). They were looking for the fox, removing it from its hiding place, and again the hunting continued.
Nowadays they are rarely used in fox hunting, but in some places they still hunt live prey to show their courage and courage. Modern owners of terriers prefer to test their dogs' skills in formal competitions for terriers. Artificial burrows are created with the prey in a cage. Although the dog can no longer enter into combat with the animal, it clearly shows its desire and aggression towards the prey.
The terriers wished relatively small, so that they could enter the burrows, and for saving in food. They usually have a hard and rough coat, which protects them from the weather and requires little brushing. Even smooth-haired terriers have a coarser and harder coat than most smooth-haired dogs (for example, the Smooth-haired Fox Terrier, compared to a Dalmatian). A few have long hair.
The terriers did not only serve to find or take the prey, like the bloodhounds or dogs of sample, but they really had to kill it. Even without reaching a life-and-death combat, dealing with a wild animal cornered and frightened underground in the dark, is not for weak hearts. It requires a brave, fearless, confident and pugnacious dog. The terrier has presence; Is a dog that only 7 or 10 kilos behaves as a 60 kg!
The traditional ritual of testing the terriers on the exhibition trail (the only group where this is done) is to check that they have the right temperament. The judge asks the exhibitors to take two or three dogs to the center of the track, where they face each other face-to-face, with the strap tight. While a hound would lower his tail peacefully or a sample dog would sniff interested, the terrier should show that he is willing to respond if the case should arise. Without being offensive or quarrelsome, they should be on tiptoe, leaning forward, with their heads held high, their gaze fixed on the opposing dog. The ears and tail should remain erect, in a dominant position. Everyone should look and growl a little, like saying I'm a perfect gentleman, but if you want a fight, you'll have it!
Terriers have been known in the British Isles since time immemorial. Already in the Middle Ages, they were described by writers, painters and artists. Like others of our modern dogs, the terreir does not come from a single origin. The dogs that worked best in front of the owner were chosen, and their appearance or conformation did not matter. The base of the terrier is probably found in small dogs of the spitz / nordic type.
There were probably crosses with smaller molosoids to gain a more powerful jaw and the aggressive temperament that appears in some terriers. Some breeders think that hard hair layers could be the result of crosses with water dogs. .
It is likely that fox terriers became a breed by the end of the seventeenth or early eighteenth century, when fox hunting began to become popular as a sport. The terrier had to be small enough to get into the fox's burrow, it also had to have stamina and good qualities to run to achieve these ends. It is likely that some selected terriers have been crossed with foxhounds or small bloodhounds
( beagle) , also participated the bull
terrier race hence the predominance of white color By selective breeding, was
becoming a type that had great resemblance to the fox terrier smooth hair today
and began to be considered as such. At the beginning of the nineteenth century
it had become a special type or race.
In 1876, at the suggestion of Major Harding Cox, the Fox Terrier Club was formed and in the first great exposition of terriers, which was held in 1886 at the Royal Aquarium of Westminster, organized by Mr. Charles Cruft, 125 specimens of hair Smooth and 50 specimens of hard hair. Exhibitors and breeders still weigh the specimens shown.
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